Kelheim Altmuhl River Danube district town Kelheim
Wittelsbacher residence historical duke's town sacral buildings profane liberation hall Michelsberg hill historical city center medieval towers gates landmarks city town King Ludwig I. of Bavaria liberation war of the german states early history Danube River valley Altmuhl River valley Jurassic hangs cliffs laying of the foundation stone cornerstone 50th anniversary battle of the nations Leipzig monument construction round dome pillars female statues german states pillars gallery upper floor view Danube River landscape interior room first floor niches row larger-than-life victory goddesses foreign rule Napoleon bronze plate battles liberation wars Danube River breakthrough monastery Weltenburg Jurassic formations landscape narrow valley rock formation Kuchelfelsen rock Bavarian Lion Bishop's hat two kissing cheeky man natural protection area boat cruise passenger boats
933-egge Schlosshotel Altmühltal Bayern Schloss Hotel Deutschland Niederbayern Luftkurort Riedenburg ca. 8 km, Dietfurt, Beilngries, Kelheim an Altmühl und Donau ca. 23 km, Ingolstadt an der Donau ca. 46 km, Regensburg an der Donau ca. 55 km, Landshut ca. 86 km, Nürnberg ca. 95 km, Straubing ca. 96 km, Donauwörth ca. 108 km, München ca. 122 km, Rothenburg ob der Tauber ca. 174 km
between the Altmuhl River and the Danube River
The district town Kelheim (about 23 km from the 933-egge castle hotel Altmuhl River valley) at the confluence of the Altmuhl River and the Danube River emerged from two ancient settlements from which one settlement was located at the Altmuhl River and the other one at the Danube River. Not until the 13th century, both towns were run under one name. In the 10. and 11. century, the Wittelsbacher people took over the leadership over Kelheim and chose the city to be their residence. But in the 13. century, the city was transferred to Landshut. Despite this, today, Kelheim is still presented in the glamor of a historical duke's town and it has many interesting sacral and profane buildings, for example the Liberation Hall on the Michelsberg hill to offer. The picture of the historical city center is stamped by medieval towers and gate facilities.
Liberation hall in Kelheim at the Altmuhl River and the Danube River
On the Michelsberg hill, the Liberation Hall, the landmark of the town, is being enthroned high above Kelheim. King Ludwig I. of Bavaria had the idea for this construction. He ordered the Liberation Hall to be built as a memento of the liberation war of the German states which terminated the dominance of Napoleon in Germany and Europe. King Ludwig I. chose Kelheim as the location because of its historical attachement to the early history of the Wittelsbacher people, but also because of the picturesque beauty of the Danube River and the Altmuhl River valley and the wonderful surrounding with its Jurassic slopes which reminded him of the landscape of his beloved Greece. The laying of the foundation stone took place in the year 1842. After some disruptions of the construction process, the Liberation Hall was ceremonially opened on October 18, 1863, just in time for the 50th anniversary of the battle of the nations at Leipzig.
The impressive construction of the Liberation Hall arises on a three-step socket. A representative open-air staircase leads to the entrance of the round dome. At the exterior wall of the first floor, there are 18 pillars which are crowned by 18 female statues. They symbolize the 18 German federal states which participated in the battle of the nations at Leipzig. On top of this, a column gallery leads around the second floor. From there, visitors can enjoy an incomparable view over the beautiful Danube River landscape.
The interior hall of the Liberation Hall is richly styled with marble
and measures a height of about 45 meters and a diameter of almost
30 meters. The first floor is integrated through a niches row which makes up the
background for the 34 larger-than-life victory goddesses made of
white Carara-marble. They represent the 34 German states which
existed after the end of the foreign rule of Napoleon. As a symbol of unity, they are all
holding hands. There are always two statues holding a bronze plate with the names of the
battles during the liberation wars.
Danube River breakthrough at Kelheim at the Altmuhl River and the Danube River
Between the Weltenburg monastery (about 29 km from the
933-egge castle hotel Altmuhl River valley)
and the city of Kelheim (about 23 km from the 933-egge castle hotel Altmuhl River valley), the Danube River has, in the course
of time, paved its way through the Jurassic mountains and thereby formed a unique
landscape. The narrow valley is called Danube River breakthrough. Interesting rock
formations are partly rising vertically from the water. Due to
their shape, those rocks have received names like "Kuchelfelsen"
(Cake Rock), "Bayerischer Lowe" (Bavarian Lion),
"Bischofsmutze" (Bishop's hat), "Zwei sich Kussende" (Two kissing),
"Unverschamter Mann" (cheeky man) and many other names. The Danube River
breakthrough is also natural protection area. It is especially
charming to enjoy the Danube River breakthrough in the course of a boat cruise on which
you can see the rock formations from direct closeness. From the middle of March until
October, there are several passsenger boats cruising daily between Kelheim and Weltenburg.
The cruise time from Kelheim to Weltenburg is about 40 minutes (Danube River upstream), the cruise time from Weltenburg to Kelheim is about 20
minutes (Danube River downstream).
Kelheim zwischen Altmühl und Donau